The best insulation types are both energy efficient as well as cost effective. Without proper insulation in your home it will be excessively drafty and cold, which will keep your furnace working overtime all winter long to stay comfortable. The same is true for air conditioning in the summertime.
Adequate insulation will make it possible for your home to keep the temperature you set on your central heating or cooling system, no matter how hot or cold it may be outside of your home.
Selecting the appropriate insulation type, the correct amount of insulation and ensuring it is installed properly in your new or existing home's ceilings, walls, foundations and floors will help keep your home not just comfortable, but energy efficient and economical as well.
The Different Insulation Types
The insulation that you pick for your home is a major decision. You must take a number of factors into consideration, such as:
- the climate in your region
- your way of life
- the size and shape of your home
- the type of heating system in your home
Choosing the best insulation for your home is an important issue in determining the level of comfort inside of your home, not just now but for several years after the insulation is installed. Insulation will also determine energy efficiently, which of course will determine the amount of money you spend keeping you home comfortable throughout the seasons.
There are a number of different insulation types. Some types are more efficient than others are; in addition, some are also much healthier.
The age of your home usually determines the insulation type that the builder used. New insulation types are being developed and researched in order to improve the energy rating of newly constructed homes continuously.
Blanket: batts and rolls
This type is made from fiberglass, plastic fibers, natural fibers or mineral wood, such as rock or slag. You would use this insulation on unfinished walls, including floors, ceilings and foundation walls. It is installed by fitting in in between the joists, beams and studs. The great thing about pink fiberglass insulation and other insulation types in this category, is the ability to get the job done on your own.
This insulation type comes in the form of foam beads or liquid foam, which is made from polystyrene, such as Styrofoam, as well as polyisocyanurate or polyurethane. It can also be found in perlite or vermiculite pellets. This insulation is used on unfinished walls, such as foundation walls for major renovations and new construction. Skills in masonry are required for working with this insulation type.
Rigid foam or foam board
This insulation type, although made from the same materials as concrete block insulation, can be used in the same areas as blanket insulation. However, it must be covered with building-code approved material, such as gypsum board when used for interior application for fire safety. Likewise, exterior applications much be covered with weatherproofing.
Insulating concrete forms, or ICFs
These are foam blocks or boards that can be used on unfinished walls, such as foundation walls, as part of the building structure.
This insulation type is made from fiberglass, mineral wool or cellulose. It can be used on existing walls or open wall cavities. In addition, it can also be used as attic insulation and in other hard-to-reach places. This insulation can be blown into place with special equipment, or poured in some cases.
You can use this insulation type in your floors, ceilings and unfinished walls. It comes in the form of cardboard, polyethylene bubbles, plastic film or foil-faced kraft paper.
Rigid fibrous or fiber
Made from mineral wool or fiberglass, this insulation type is used in ducts and other places where temperatures are high.
This insulation type is made from cementitious, phenolic, polyisocyanurate or polyurethane and works well on enclosed existing walls, open wall cavities as well as unfinished attic floors.
Structural insulated panels, or SIPs
Straw core insulation, liquid foam insulation core or foam board, this insulation type works no new roofs, as well as unfinished ceilings, floors and walls.
As you can see, the options are in abundance when it comes to insulation types. No matter if you need basement insulation for a new home or attic insulation for an existing home, one of these insulation types is sure to get the job done.
About the Author:
Scott Gray is currently an expert handyman and web publisher who enjoys providing tips to consumers and homeowners. For more information about home repairs in Richmond BC, and what the best insulation types are be sure to visit everydayhandyman.com.